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Date: Sat Apr 27 1996 - 05:56:19 PDT
Dear Bhagavatas, Please find enclosed Part II Section 3.6-3.12 on Acharyas. I have posted earlier Part I- Section 2.5 (1) on Nammalwar to be followed by 2.5 (2).Kindly inform me by privte mail any corrections you may find necessary. Dasoham Anbil Ramaswamy Part II Acharyas - Section 3.6 -3.12 3. 6. Embar He was a cousin of Ramanuja. His earlier name was Govinda. He studied under Yadava prakasa along with Ramanuja. It is he who rescued Ramanuja from the plot , the Guru Yadavaprakasa hatched to kill Ramanuja. Subsequently, as he was taking bath in a river, a Sivalinga (an icon in the phallic form of Siva ) mysteriously landed on his palm. He became a Saivite for a while. Later, on the advice of his uncle, Tirumalai Nambi and Ramanuja he returned to Vaishnavism and closely followed Ramanuja in all his itineraries assuming the name of ' Embar'. 3. 7. Parasara Bhattar He was the son of Kurathalwan. His Acharya was Embar. He learned the Sastras so well that he came to be called a 'walking university'. His works include his commentary on Vishnu Sahasra Nama Bashya ( 1,000 names of Vishnu ) also known as 'Bhagavad Guna Darpanam', Rangaraja Stava, Ranganatha Ashyaka, Sri Guna ratna Kosam, Kriya Deepam, Ashta Sloki, Satusloki, Dvisloki, Tanisloki etc. While he was a kid, a haughty Advaita exponent by name 'Vidvad Jana Kolahala Punditha' was being carried on a palanquin to engage in a debate with Ramanuja. The boy stopped him on the way. Holding a handful of sand in his closed fist, he asked the Punditha how much of sand was there in his palm. The Punditha was nonplussed and asked how could anyone count the sands. Parasara retorted saying that if he could not answer that it was just a 'fistful' how did he propose to win an argument with the great Ramanuja. The Punditha praised the boy, his father Kuresa and his Acharya, Embar. The Punditha subsequently became the disciple of Parasara assuming the name of ' Per Arulala Perumal Emperumanar' 3. 8. Nanjeeyar He was the disciple of Parasara Bhattar who won him over in an argument. He entered Sannyas assuming the name 'Nam Jeeyar'. He wrote the famous 9,000 padi commentary of Tiruvoimozhi. His other works include the 2,000 padi commentary of Tiruppaavai, Tiruvantadhis, Kanninun Siruthambu, Tirup pallaandu, 108 explanations of Rahasya Traya, commentary on Saranagathi Gadhyam, Srisukta Bashyam etc. 3. 9. Nam Pillai His original name was Varadarajar. He was a confidant and disciple of Namjeeyar who gave him the name of ' Tiruk Kali Kanri Dasar'. Kantadai Thozhappar called him' Lokacharya'- 'the universal preceptor'.Vaatsya Varadaachaarya wrote Tattvasaara,Tattva Nirnaya, Prapanna Paarijaatha,and Prameyamaala. It is Nampillai who dictated for transcription to one ' Vadakku Tiru Veedhi Pillai' his commentary on Tiruvoimozhi hailed as 'Eedu' or 36,000 padi considered to be the best commentary on Tiruvoimozhi. Another disciple of Nampillai was the famous 'Periya Vachan Pillai' who wrote extensive explanations to all the 4,000 hymns of Divya Prabandam and was renowned as the 'Vyakhyana Chakravarti'- Emperor among commentators'. With the blessings of Nampillai, he wrote also the 24,000 padi commentary on Tiruvoimozhi. His works include Tanisloki, Prabanda Rahasyam, Manicka maalai, Navaratna maalai, Sakala Pramaana Taatparyam, Abhaya Pradaana vyaakhyaanam, Charama Rahasyam, Anusandhana Rahasyam, Niyamanappadi besides commentaries on Jitante Stotra,Ramanuja's Gadhyatraya, Chatusloki etc. 3. 10. Pillai Lokacharya He was the foremost Acharya of the Tenkalai branch of Srivaishnavas. He worked with the great Vedanta Desika in rescuing the idol of Lord Ranganatha during the raids by the muslim predator, Malik Kafur. The most important of his works are Mumukshuppadi, Sri Vachana Bushanam, Sara Sangraha, Sriyahpathip padi, Prabhandhap padi,Yaadrichikap padi,Tattvatrayam,Arthapanchakam and other Rahasya granthas. His younger brother, Azhagiya Manavala Perumal Nayanar wrote Acharya Hridayam as per the advice of Pillai Lokacharya. 3. 11. Aadhi Van Satakopa His original name was Kidambi Srinivasachariar. He was born at Tirunarayanapuram.( in Karnataka). When he was a student, Lord Narasimha of Ahobilam ( in Andhra Pradesh) beckoned him to come to Ahobilam. Initiated into Sannyas, he assumed the name of Aadhi Van Satakopa Jeeyar. Malola Narasimha came into his hands on his own and bade him to travel throught the country, establish branches of the Ahobila Mutt everywhere. He and his successors have been doing this successfully over the centuries. 3. 12. Manavala Mamunigal ( Aippasi - Moolam ) He got his Sannyas from Aadhi van Satakopa jeeyar of Ahobila Mutt. He was a great Acharya of the southern branch of Srivaishnavas. He was also known as Yateendra Pravanar and Periya Jeeyar. He left his native Alwar Tirunagar and moved to Srirangam for delivering religious discourses. He wrote several works including commentaries on Sri Vachana Bushanam and Acharya Hridayam.